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A scheduling framework for general-purpose parallel languages

Matthew Fluet, Michael Rainey and John Reppy

The 13th ACM SIGPLAN International Conference on Functional Programming (ICFP 2008)
Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, September 22-24, 2008


Abstract

The trend in microprocessor design toward multicore and manycore processors means that future performance gains in software will largely come from harnessing parallelism. To realize such gains, we need languages and implementations that can enable parallelism at many different levels. For example, an application might use both explicit threads to implement course-grain parallelism for independent tasks and implicit threads for fine-grain data-parallel computation over a large array. An important aspect of this requirement is supporting a wide range of different scheduling mechanisms for parallel computation.

In this paper, we describe the scheduling framework that we have designed and implemented for Manticore, a strict parallel functional language. We take a micro-kernel approach in our design: the compiler and runtime support a small collection of scheduling primitives upon which complex scheduling policies can be implemented. This framework is extremely flexible and can support a wide range of different scheduling policies. It also supports the nesting of schedulers, which is key to both supporting multiple scheduling policies in the same application and to hierarchies of speculative parallel computations.

In addition to describing our framework, we also illustrate its expressiveness with several popular scheduling techniques. We present a modular approach to extending our schedulers to support cancelation. This mechanism is essential for implementing eager and speculative parallelism. We finally evaluate our framework with an empirical analysis.


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